Looking for creative, easy ways to use homegrown herbs, or maybe you’ve tried some fancy flavored oils or vinegars and wondered about making your own? Now you can make any meal a little special with your home infused oils, vinegars, alcohols and honey.
How to Make an Infused Oil
The best oils to use for infusions are pure plant oils such as olive, sunflower or almond oil. The oil I use most is olive, because it has a longer shelf life at room temperature. I wouldn’t advise the use of canola, corn oil or “vegetable” oil. Most of these will be made from genetically modified crops, which I do not recommend for consumption. (Read more here.)
To infuse an herbal oil, finely chop your clean dry herb. (Wash only if really grimy, and dry well, as excess water can cause the infusion to spoil.) Place the finely chopped herb in a lidded glass jar, such as a mason jar or condiment jar. (This is a great use for old jars that can’t be used for canning but have wide mouths and good fitting lids.) Label the jar – for instance, “Plantain in Olive Oil’ and the date, as above. You’d be surprised how some chopped plants start to look similar to each other over time.
Place the jar in a sunny window or other warm location for 2-3 weeks ( a little longer is fine). Strain out the plant material and pour oil into a dark glass container. Label with contents and date. Store in a cool location out of direct light to maximize shelf life. ( I cover the jars with my husband’s old mismatched socks – see “Homegrown Medicinals“.)
If you’re in a hurry and looking for a simple oil just for flavoring (the above method is preferred for medicinal herbs), gently heat your oil, add your flavoring, heat for a few minutes, cool, strain and bottle. If you choose to use food items for oil infusion, such as citrus peels, garlic or peppers using this method, it’s best to make the oil in small batches, store in the refrigerator, and use within two weeks to eliminate the risk of botulism. Garlic and citrus are both naturally anti-bacterial (as are many herbs and spices), so risks are minimal, but we always want to error on the side of caution. Plus, fresh oils taste better! With olive oil and herb preparations, I have used them without refrigeration from one season to the next.
Infused oils make a great base for homemade salves, such as plantain salve, which I always keep on hand for bug bites, bee stings and other minor skin irritations. Flavored oils such as chive or basil can be used for cooking and make lovely gifts.
How to Infuse Herbs in Water
Water based infusions are very similar to making tea, except that an infusion will steep longer. You can use a muslin tea bag or stainless steel tea ball to hold your herbs, but I generally prefer to leave my herbs loose and then strain after brewing.
To make an infusion, place one tablespoon of dried herbs or three tablespoons of fresh herbs into a ceramic teapot, mug or mason jar for each cup of tea you intend to brew. Cover with boiling water. Place on the lid (or cover your cup with a saucer) and let steep for 10-15 minutes or overnight. Strain and drink. I regularly make infusions of oatstraw and nettle for general health and wellness. Mint is great for soothing sore tummies. You can read about herbs and spices that boost you immune system here.
How to Infuse Herbs in Vinegar or Alcohol
When you infuse herbs in alcohol or vinegar, it is commonly referred to as a tincture when used medicinally, but you can make some very tasty flavored vinegars and drink mixers, too.
To make a basic alcohol or vinegar tincture: (from Holistic Herbal)
- Place 4 ounces by weight of dried chopped or ground herbs (twice as much for fresh) into a glass jar with lid that can be tightly closed.
- Pour 1 pint of 30% (60 proof) vodka on the herbs, close the container tightly. I watch for sales on vodka, and prefer those in glass jars over plastic, because I figure if the alcohol can leak compounds out of the herbs, it may attack the plastic, too. Label with contents and date.
- Keep the container in a warm place for two to six weeks and shake it well twice every day. This one shouldn’t go in direct sun, but on the kitchen counter is fine.
- Strain out the plant material – it makes great compost. Don’t be afraid to squeeze it dry. You can let it settle before bottling or strain through a coffee filter if a clearer product is desired.
- Pour the tincture into a dark bottle (or store out of direct light). Don’t forget to label it with the contents and date. Pretty bottles of food stuffs look lovely on display, but light speeds the breakdown of many compounds in the food/medicine. When you’re trying to break down plant material to transfer its compounds into oil, this makes sense, but not for long term storage.
Susun Weed prefers fresh herbs, some sites recommend only dry herbs. Some recommend infusing in warmth and light, others recommend cool and dark. I think it’s a matter of working with what you have. I do oils in the sun, tinctures out of direct light, and I typically use fresh herbs for both. With water, I’ll often use dry herbs, like making tea.
Susun’s tincture making method recommends filling the jar with fresh herbs, filling it with 100 proof vodka making sure all the herbs are well covered, sealing, labeling and letting it stand for six weeks before straining. Sometimes she doesn’t even strain, just dips some out of the bottle and leaves the plant material in. She says she’s kept some this way for years with no loss of potency. This is the method I regularly use, because it’s quick and easy.
The photo at the top of the page shows chive blossoms infusing in white wine vinegar. My preferred choice for vinegars that I plan to eat, especially in a product like this, is a good quality white wine, champagne or apple cider vinegar. Vinegars can be done in about two weeks, and are best stored in a bottle with a cork or other non-metallic lid. I saved my vinegar bottle and plan to put the vinegar back in once it’s done infusing.
Dandelion Aperitif from Healing Wise
- 2-3 cups fresh dandelion blossoms
- 2/3 cup sugar
- rind of half a lemon
- 1 quart vodka
Do not wash flowers. Cut off green. mix all ingredients together into jar; cap. Shake daily. Wait two weeks, then strain and enjoy with ice and lemon, or hot with water and honey, or by itself before or after meals. This recipe can be made with any edible flower or herb.
The photo above shows the Dandelion Aperitif and a Cranberry-Lime mixer infused in vodka. To make the cranberry-lime vodka, I fill the bottle with fresh cranberries and a slice lime and covered it in vodka, then let it steep. You can add sugar, too, if you like, or just use strips of zest instead of lime slices. Repackage in a fancy bottle with a bow and you have a nice gift. (These were headed for my own hooch cabinet.
How to Infuse Herbs in Honey
You can also infuse herbs in honey. (I made some vanilla honey for Christmas gifts last year – so yummy!) The flavor takes a little longer to permeate the honey, so I’d recommend a minimum of a month on this one, although if you are using strongly flavored herbs, two weeks may be enough. For vanilla honey, add one or two chopped vanilla beans per cup jar, depending on the size of the bean and whether they’ve been previously used. (I used beans that had previously been used to make ice cream and let them steep for three months.) Rose petals, mint, anise, chamomile and lavender are other popular choices for flavoring honey. 1 to 2 tablespoons of herbs per cup of honey should be plenty. Mild honeys work best for flavoring.
This post is part of a monthly challenge series hosted by Annette Cottrell, author of The Urban Farm Handbook and blogger at Sustainable Eats. The theme for the June challenges is Botanicals. Week one featured my fellow Wildcrafting Wednesday hostess, Sharon at the Woodwife’s Journal, who demonstrated how to make hydrosols. Very fancy sounding, I know, but really not so hard if you follow her tips.
Each week, Annette will link to another challenge. You, fearless reader, give the challenges a try, and post a picture or link to your blog post about your results on the Sustainable Eats or Common Sense Homesteading Facebook pages. At the end of the month, swing by Sustainable Eats to link up to win some fun prizes.
We’re also joining in the fun here at Common Sense Homesteading by giving away a copy of Susun Weed’s book, Healing Wise (Wise Woman Herbal Series), and an herb sampler that I’m going to put together over the course of the month with some of the items I’ll be harvesting around the homestead like chamomile, nettle and oatstraw. To enter, use the rafflecopter widget below (if you’re getting this post via subscription, you’ll need to click through to the website).
Leave a comment on the blog about what you’re infusing or Like the post for one entry each. For additional entries, share photos of your infusions on the Common Sense Homesteading facebook page. You can share up to one unique infusion per day for additional entries. Please abide by the rules to keep it fair to everyone.