|Shepherd’s Purse Flowers and Seed Capsules|
Today’s featured plant is Shepherd’s Purse, Capsella bursa-pastoris.
Shepherd’s Purse is also known as Blind Weed, Bolsa del Pastor, Bolsa-de-Pastor, Bourse a Pasteur, Bourse-à-Pasteur, Bursae Pastoris Herba, Capsella, Capselle a Pasteur, Capsella bursa-pastoris, Caseweed, Cocowort, Erva-Do-Bom-Pastor, Hirtentaschel, Lady’s Purse, Mother’s-Heart, Naeng-i, Pepper-And-Salt, Pick-Pocket, Poor Man’s Parmacettie, Rattle Pouches, Sanguinary, Shepherd’s Heart, Shepherd’s Scrip, Shepherd’s Sprout, Shovelweed, St. James’ Weed, Thlaspi bursa-pastoris, Toywort, Witches’ Pouches, and Zurron de Pastor.
Range and Identification of Shepherd’s Purse
Shepherd’s Purse is native to Europe, but is found throughout the world, especially in cool climates. The USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service range map shows it throughout the United States and Canada. In The Gardner’s Weed Book, Barbara Pleasant refers to it as a “hardly annual”, stating that “seedlings that sprout in fall sit through winter as small rosettes less than 2 inches across and easily survive temperatures to 0 degrees F.”
This initial rosette gives way to a larger rosette a few inches across, followed by 4 to 20 inch flower spikes. As these spikes grow, purse-shaped (I think they look more heart shaped) seed capsules form along the flower stems. These are the most easily identified feature of the plant. The flowers are small and white, with four petals. It flowers year round, as temperatures allow. A single plant can produce from 500 to 90,000 seeds. If you wish to keep them from randomly seeding out, pull them when the soil is moist (they have a fine tap root). I personally don’t find them to be overly invasive, but they are considered as such in some areas.
The photo below shows the entire plant. Note the small rosette at the base and the long, spindly flower stalks.
Shepherd’s Purse as Food for Wildlife (and Humans)
The leaves serve as food for grazing animals, and many small mammals and birds eat the seeds of shepherd’s purse. Bees, flies, wasps, butterflies and skippers feed on the small flowers. (For a detailed list of nectar feeder who use this plant, visit Illinois Wildflowers.info.
The greens of shepherd’s purse are fairly mild (it’s in the mustard family, which tends to have rather bitter greens). They can be eaten raw or cooked, but thus far I’m only sampled as I’ve been working in the garden.
Medicinal Uses of Shepherd’s Purse
Live and Feel describes the properties and benefits of shepherd’s purse (please visit their site to read the article in its entirety):
This herb contains alkaloids, substances like thiamine, histamine, histidine, flavonoids, phenolic compounds, organic acids, tannins, lectins, bitter compounds, volatile oil, mineral salts, and vitamins. Shepherd’s purse has analeptic properties, can adjust blood pressure, and is also a haemostatic herb, an astringent vasoconstrictor able to stimulate leucocytosis.
It has haemostatic and vasoconstrictor effects and it can be used to treat all types of bleedings: nosebleeds, stomach bleeds, and menorrhagia.
It has a considerable effect over the uterus, adjusting the menstrual cycle and putting a stop to the abundant uterine bleeding.
In affections such as atherosclerosis, angina pectoris, it is recommended to drink tea from shepherd’s purse because it can adjust blood pressure.
Prolonged treatments with tea or tincture prevent nasal hemorrhoids and abundant menstrual cycles, especially in the cases of hypertensive women or those suffering from obesity.
In cases of stress or anxiety, the use of mixtures made from shepherd’s purse, is recommended. Also, in case of bug bites, the wounds are massaged with mashed herb.
In case of bleeding haemorrhoids, small intestinal enemas or bath water containing lukewarm infusions of shepherd’s purse are an effective treatment. Also, women who have swollen breasts during breastfeeding should heat up water containing shepherd’s purse and apply it on their breasts in small amounts.
This medicinal herb has good results in dealing with muscle-related illnesses. In case of muscle atrophy it is recommended to rub the spots with shepherd’s purse tincture and to drink four cups of tea made of lady’s mantle herb. This treatment can also be applied in cases of hernias.
If you can’t find shepherd’s purse in your garden, it is available dried online at Mountain Rose Herbs.